5G or the 5th Generation network is the new wireless technology for cellular networks after its predecessors — 1G, 2G, 3G and 4G. This has been designed to produce more connectivity, greater bandwidth and higher download speeds. However, developments have their side effects too. So, will 5G technology prove to be a boon or will it produce a new set of problems for the industries?

Boon or Bane?

5G is definitely better and more powerful than the previous generation mobile networks. This network has already been rolled out in some countries across the world and the main advantage of this new network is its high download speed which can be as high as 10 gigabits per second (Gbps) and even higher. The network enables machines and devices to connect together virtually.

5G is better than the other networks in several aspects:

· Lower latency — 1 millisecond (10x decrease)

· Faster — Up to 10 Gbps data rate (10 to 100x improvement over 4G)

· Greater number of connected devices — (100x number of connected devices compared to 4G)

· Increased capacity — Up to 1000x more capacity than 4G

· High bandwidth — 1000x bandwidth per unit area

Due to the increased bandwidth, 5G has found a greater application in the field of Internet of things (IoT) apart from serving the cellular networks.

Talking about the adverse effects of the new network, radio frequency can become a prominent problem as reports show that the high frequency range in which the network transmits data is already crowded by other signals. So, questions have arisen whether the people will face a difficulty while transmitting data at that frequency. With the development of this new technology, security will have to undergo significant changes as well. IoT devices are the most attacked types of hardware. Hence, they can possess great risk especially when they are used for patient monitoring. The 5G enabled IoT devices will require complex and stronger methods of authentication.

Studies show that with an increase in the radio frequency, the depth of penetration in the biological tissues decreases. So, the eyes and skin will be of greater concern than any other organ in the human body. The EMF (Electromagnetic Field) and RFR (Radio Frequency Radiation) can cause harm to animal as well as plant lives.

The effects may be negligible at the beginning but prolonged exposure can lead to cellular damage, memory deficits, increased cancer risk, genetic aberrations and worsen the general well being of humans.

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