CAN INDIA BE ATMANIRBHAR IN THE SMART PHONE INDUSTRY?
“Work out your own salvation. Do not depend on others.”
‘Atmanirbhar’ when translated to English reads ‘self - dependent’ which in elementary terms means not to rely on others. It has been in a lot of usage these days but as plain sailing as it sounds that
arduous it is to do in reality.
Compared to the infinitesimal stuffs for which we’re dependent on others, the Indian smart phone industry is quite vast to tackle. Due to the recent India - China border clashes an opinion was raised in support of banning all the Chinese goods. From Chinese goods the first thing that pops in our mind is a smart phone. Smart phones have become the life line of all of our lives.
But from OnePlus to Xiaomi, you name it and it’s a Chinese company. Even in spite of the said opinion the statistics of the recent sales of the renowned e-commerce websites namely Flipkart and Amazon are kind of opposite. Let’s have a look on the stats.
1. In the Amazon Prime Day OnePlus’s Nord smart phone, whose price is around 28,000 to 30,000 rupees, was the highest selling hand set.
2. Also in the same sale Xiaomi’s wired earphone was the best seller and reports say that Xiaomi’s models sold out in seconds.
3. During the sales Realme has expected to have a business of more than Rs. 400 crores.
Moreover, Chinese brands are of the belief that they had less business than what they expected as various popular models across the brands went out of stock. Now, let’s concentrate on the problems India is facing in manufacturing a budget – friendly smart phone and their probable solutions.
1.The mass production of the components of a smart phone such as PCBA (Printed Circuit Board Assembly), camera modules, connectors, touch panel or cover glass, etc. need high precision, expensive machineries, clean rooms, skilled man power, high tech processes and much more which are not available in India right now. Only the chargers, adapters, USB cables and the wired head sets can be built using the local sourcing which is not at all efficient.
2. The chip (e.g. the Qualcomm Snapdragon 600 or 700 or 800 series), which is primarily a semiconductor and the brain of all computational devices, undergoes several processes of making circuits with billions of electronic components on a wafer made of silicon (the procedure is termed as semiconductor wafer fabrication) in laboratories which are known as FABs. Taiwan and China lead the Universe in making these processors. The emphasis is on creating chips of size as reduced as possible as such chips can work more efficiently without being hot. Presently India is capable of manufacturing 28 nm chips which is not at all feasible for smart phones these days. The latest iPhone 11 series comprises of 7 nm chips whereas the masses these days are looking for 3 nm chips. We still lack such well technically equipped laboratories like FABs in India.
3. Funding is the major grass root difficulty that’s creating the hindrance in the path of establishing the foundation of the smart phone industry in India.
1. The Government should look more into the matter of funding regarding the smart phone industry in India so that the required high - tech tools can be received.
2. The population should be made aware and educated with the latest technologies. This will, too in turn, open more doors of jobs to them.
3. A pretty good amount must be invested in building technically efficient laboratories. Now time will speak for the flourishment of the smart phone industry in India.